Imminent creatures of Oshino

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Japanese dormouse

Japanese dormouse is mite of natural monument of country living in forest of Oshino-mura. We usually eat nut and fruit, insect which are softer than living, other mice on tree of forest. We love honey of sweet flower. Physical structure fits arboreal life, and limbs totally project beside body like eyes on day and become easy to catch the bark and branch. Seemingly dullard can see, but is good at that it is upside down and runs through bottom of climbing up and down and branch of trunk which movement is very alert and agile, and is perpendicular in animals. We are distributed widely from level ground to Takayama, but are usually animal one which the public eye is hard to be accompanied by because it is nocturnal and strikes everywhere at once quickly. However, one of hibernation was often found with the origin or tree sinus of stump in the inside of futon of closet of mountain hut and firewood piled up again in the winter season and seemed to come even if worshiped as guardian angel of dryad and mountain by people engaged in forestry from old days. By common name, it is called marinade Malus Sieboldii and ice mouse, dormouse.

Co-reed warbler

It is friend near bush warbler of 13.5cm in total length that was olive color in wild birds living in plateau visiting Japan as summer bird. Live in grassy plain, and is top of grass; "gyoggyokkirikiri, chiriri……Even "and voice beautiful lightly continue dragging. Co-reed warbler likes dry grassy plain and faces each other, and oyoshikiri of approximate kind likes Ashihara of waterside and sings in one size big voice like body noisily with "gyogyoshi, gyogyoshi".


It is wild bird which did miso color of approximately 10cm in total length in one of the smallest birds living in Japan. We like swamp and damp ground of waterside and catch insect of bait mainly in the ground. We drag even at all big voice without matching small body from spring to summer. We are not always afraid of person very much and are friendly wild bird to live in shrubberies of house in winter, and to move about lively.

Japanese jay

With chicken which did light brown of approximately 33cm in total length, we have white, black, blue beautiful feather toward wing. Head is good with chicken of Corvidae, but cry has a voice that became "quack quack hoarse with Jeh Jeh". It may occasionally call mimicking voice and sound of other chicken. We live in village forest and eat acorn willingly in autumn. In addition, we collect many acorns for winter and we bury by one drop in the ground well and cover.

Eastern Long-fingered Bat

Bat is animal which is apt to be avoided, but, in fact, as for several thousand, preys on human harm and chewing lice such as mosquito and gnat, midge that it is from several hundred in very useful biology at a night. Eastern Long-fingered Bat becomes palm rank of adult when we open wing in cave-related bats liking waterside and can see many flights in Katsuragawa river of Shibokusa district in the night from April through November.

Rainbow trout

Culture of trouts pointed to rainbow trout in fish of salmon department put from California of the United States in the Meiji era now and was commonly used. We reach up to approximately 1m, and we pass the name in side of the body, and amaranth has beautiful obi. Cultivated thing which became half nature in some and Katsuragawa river of Yusui Pond of Hakkai is seen much in Oshino-mura.

Japanese firefly

It is firefly which was well known with firefly. Because it was small, it was named Japanese firefly with approximately 1cm in length. It is firefly that it lives in Japanese firefly, mountain stream and spring to live around rice field. Imago does not eat bait just to drink water, but larva eats roll-shell such as living, marsh snail underwater.

Hondo squirrel (Japanese squirrel)

In Honshu, Shikoku, head long torso approximately 20cm to be distributed over Kyushu, squirrels of grayish brown of Japanese blue magpie 16cm, it becomes beautiful dark reddish-brown with hair in the summer. We are unusually active in Japanese wild animals in the day and act lively in morning and evening. It is representative wild animal inhabiting the whole area widely in the forest of Oshino-mura. We eat seed, fruit, leaf, mushrooms at grove of miscellaneous trees and make elliptic nest such as rugby ball using branch of tree between coniferous boughs such as pine or cedar mainly.

Hondo fox

It is nocturnal wild animal familiar to head long torso approximately 70cm to inhabit village forest, the public of Japanese blue magpie 35cm. In carnivorous animals of canid, we prey on field mouse and mole mainly at the forest and the cultivated land and do moat ri, child care in den such as maze with many doorways on embankment of mountain and riverbank in the early spring. We appear in every place by night in Oshino-mura and can distinguish from dog with big tail.

One point advice of animal observation

  • We listen carefully calmly, and let's hear neighboring sounds. Cry and sound come far with igai. There are a lot of things which the kind can distinguish immediately just to have heard voice of chicken (including bush warbler, cuckoo, black paradise flycatcher)
  • Strong thing of wariness is unrelated to igai to car. More nearby, one while we are inside than it is over car can observe more things. If, stop it, we wait for engine, it is more effective.
  • Wild birds are active most lively early in the morning. It is this time that we see squirrel well. We get up early, and let's go out! Day should be felt to be very long.
  • It is pleasure 100 times with binoculars. Binoculars are glasses of magic to draw the world of nature to close. Far-off small birds will show near all the time, too. (as for thing which thing of 7-8 times straightens magnification ideally, and is cheap, the one of Zoom type, to watch out!)
  • It is photograph and memory to be allowed to take home. Wild creature will never stop that it takes Wildflowers, small animal to go with a little most to put in field. It is natural manner to enjoy nature to take garbage home with.
  • There is no need in big telephoto lens. Bright middle telephoto lens to 135mm - 300mm turns to be able to deal with movement that is alert and agile of chicken and animals, and to master chance of instant for photography. We copy using lens as short as possible to background and environment and are crowded, and let's aim at work with sense of the seasons. Car becomes place exceeding hiding place and cold at the time of shooting and is useful. But thing, this to deviate from way, and to never get into to habitation area of the animals and plants are violation of rule of the natural world.
  • Observing nocturnal animals. We act by plural number (as for the child with adult) as much as possible and will make a preliminary inspection from bright house. Let's cover light for observation with cellophane which is red not to surprise animals. We can observe in this slowly and carefully.